CBD, THC, CBG exploring cannabinoids

CBD, THC, CBG exploring cannabinoids

Cannabis contains more than 480 active compounds, 80 of which are only found in cannabis. This is a large number of different variables that affect the body and, in part, the reason why there is always new scientific research published on new discoveries related to cannabis. In this article we will be exploring cannabinoids.

80% of the compounds found only in cannabis are known as cannabinoids. These interact with the receptors in our body to induce effects in our nervous system and brain. Here is a brief outline of the 8 main cannabinoids in marijuana.

THC

It is the most commonly recognized cannabinoid found in abundance in cannabis; means delta-9-tetrahydrocannibinol. This cannabinoid is responsible for the main psychoactive effect experienced when consuming cannabis, it stimulates the parts of the brain that cause the release of dopamine – creating a feeling of euphoria and well-being. THC also has analgesic effects that relieve symptoms of pain and inflammation. Combined they cause a great feeling of relaxation.

CBD

Cannabidiol, or CBD, tends to be the second most abundant cannabinoid in marijuana. It is a non-psychoactive component that is believed to reduce and regulate the effects of THC. This means that strains with a high level of THC and CBD will induce more lucid highs than the intoxicating ones caused by strains with very little CBD.

CBN

Cannabinol, or CBN, is a cannabinoid that is created from the breakdown of THC by oxidation. It is slightly psychoactive, and is only found in small amounts in fresh cannabis plants. It can be kept to a minimum by storing the cannabis crop in a dark and dry place. The effects of THC tend to be preferred over those of CBN – since CBN is not as strong as THC and can cause drowsiness when in high concentrations. It is also known to relieve pressure behind the eyes.

CBG

CBG, also known as cannabigerol, is an active compound in cannabis. Recent research has shown that although traditionally it has not been very common among most strains of cannabis, it is likely to be the ‘template’ or ‘stem cell’ of both THC and CBD. This means that both THC and CBD started out as CBG. CBG is also known to inhibit the absorption of GABA, causing a feeling of relaxation often associated with CBD. These findings have prompted new research on the cannabinoid, which means it may have more implications.

THCV

Tetrahydrocannabivarin, or THCV, is believed to be a cannabinoid that moderates the intensity of THC’s psychoactive effects. Current research on THCV also suggests that it can be used to treat metabolic disorders and to act as an appetite suppressant.

CBC

Cannabichromene, or CBC, is believed to have an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect, although not much medicinal research has been done on the cannabinoid. Recent research suggests that it may play an important role in the regrowth of brain cells.

THCA

THCA is the acid form of THC. This is the natural state in which THC can be found in fresh cannabis plants. When cannabis is heated, THCA turns into THC. When in natural form, THCA is not considered an active compound.

CBDA

Like THCA, CBDA is the acidic form of CBD. It is currently believed to have antiemetic (anti-nausea) effects in addition to helping fight breast cancer. However, more research is needed on its medicinal benefits.



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